3100 BC Cuneiform, one of the earliest known writing systems was developed in Sumer (modern day Iraq). Wedge-shaped marks were made on clay tablets by a blunt stylus cut from a reed.
3000 Papyrus plant, paper-like material used as a writing surface in Egypt. Ink from lamp-black made in China.
500 Amate, a beaten paper-like material, made in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. Parchment, a material made from processed animal skin, used as a writing surface in Pergamon (Anatolian Greece, Asia Minor, now Turkey).
100 Paper invented in China by monks. Codex book form emerges in the Roman Empire. Coptic binding in Egypt.
200 Woodblock printing in China.
868 The oldest dated printed text known: The Diamond Sutra, a Chinese translation of a Buddhist text now preserved in the British Library.
932 Chinese printers adapt Wood-block printing to mass produce classical books.
1041 Movable type invented in China.
1282 Watermarks first used in Italian-made paper.
1309 Paper first used in England.
1377 World’s oldest extant book printed with movable metal type Baekun Hwasang Chorok Buljo Jikji Simche Yojeol published in Cheungju Korea, now at the Bibliotheque Nationale.
1438-44 Adjustable type mold developed by Johannes Guttenberg in Mainz (Germany)
1454 First dated European document: a papal indulgence attributed to Gutenberg.
1455 Gutenberg’s Bible completed by his creditor Johann Fust and his own workman Peter Schoeffer.
1462 Fust and Schoeffer first to use a printer’s mark.
1539 Juan Pablos (Giovanni Paoli) became the first printer in North America (Mexico City).
1563 Printing in France forbidden without royal permission under penalty of death.
1584 The University Press at Cambridge begins operation, and has done so continuously since. It lays claim to being both the world’s oldest university press in and the oldest printing and publishing house.
1600 Spain outlaws papermaking in its New World colonies.
1611 Publication of the first edition of the King James Bible.
1655 The London Gazette, first regularly published English newspaper.
1690 Papermaking in America (Philadelphia).
1710 Statue of Anne regulates copyright in Great Britain.
1731 Poor Richard’s Almanac, published by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1735 Publisher John Peter Zenger acquitted of libel in colonial New York City, setting the legal standard.
1755 A Dictionary of the English Language by Samuel Johnson.
1768 Encyclopedia Britannica is published.
1775 Common Sense by Thomas Paine is released.
1810 Composition ink rollers developed in London to replace ink balls. The History of Printing in America by Isaiah Thomas.
1825 Typographia ty Thomas Curson Hansard is published. Louis John Pouchée, a London type founder, produces ornamented types now regarded among the best of their kind.
1830 Paperback books appear in England and Ireland.
1839 Practical photography developed.
1851 Paper made from wood pulp.
1866 American Printer. A Manual of Typography by Thomas MacKellar is published.
1875 Mimeograph invented by Thomas Edison.
1884 Grolier Club, a bibliophilic organization, founded in New York
1886 Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. Historic Printing Types by Theodore Low Devinne.
1892 Biliographical Society (of London) founded.
1904 The Bibliographical Society of America established.
1905 The Society of Printers established in Boston.
1919 The Newberry Library establishes the John M. Wing Foundation on the History of Printing.
1927 Society of Typographic Arts founded in Chicago.
1937 The American Imprint Inventory begins under Douglas C. McMurtrie a Depression-era section the Historical Records Survey to identify and catalogue US imprints produced before 1800 (1890 west of the Mississippi). Suspended in 1942.
1943 Papermaking: The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft by Dard Hunter is published.
1946 Bookbinding, Its Background and Technique by Edith Diehl is published.
1955 Printing for Pleasure by John Ryder, it popularized the amateur and fine press movement after World War II.
1957 Association Typographique Internationale (A TypI).
1964 Printing Historical Society founded in London.
1971 Project Gutenberg, oldest digital library of public domain books launched.
1974 American Printing History Association founded. The Center for Book Arts founded in New York, the first not-for-profit organization of its kind in the United States.
1983 Desktop publishing appears.
1985 Minnesota Center for Book Arts opens in Minneapolis.
1991 World Wide Web is launched.
1995 Amazon.com founded.
1996 Fine Press Book Association founded.
1999 Blogger online self-publishing app launches.
2001 Wikipedia, a free, online collaborative encyclopedia, is launched.
2004 Facebook social network launched.
2006 Twitter social networking service launched. It allows users to send and read 140-character messages called “tweets.”
2007 Kindle e-reader developed by Amazon.com.
2008 College Book Art Association is formed, professionalizing book art education, supporting academic book artists and students, setting standards, and promoting the field.
2009 Nook e-reader developed by Barnes & Noble.
2010 Apple iPad tablet introduced.
2012 London Centre for Book Arts opens.
Note: Excerpted from The Printing History Association
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Brian Feinblum’s views, opinions, and ideas expressed in this blog are his alone and not that of his employer. You can follow him on Twitter @theprexpert and email him at firstname.lastname@example.org. He feels more important when discussed in the third-person. This is copyrighted by BookMarketingBuzzBlog 2017©. Born and raised in Brooklyn, now resides in Westchester. Named one of the best book marketing blogs by Book Baby http://blog.bookbaby.com/2013/09/the-best-book-marketing-blogs
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